Environment Security for Traditional Craft Villages in Bac Ninh Province (Vietnam)

A.P Dr. Le Van Thang, Dr. Nguyen Hai Thanh, Dr. Nguyen Van Tuan

Abstract


 Production and business activities in traditional craft villages leave a great impact on the security of their living environment. This study focuses on analysing environmental security of traditional craft villages in Bac Ninh province (Vietnam) to identify the environmental reality of this area, assess the environment impact on people and their attitudes on this issue. Data were collected from 350 households surveyed in 7 communes having wellknown traditional handicraft villages of Bac Ninh province, from local authorities and observation results of Bac Ninh People’s Committee from 2011 to 2016. Based on surveyed reaility, the author has made some recommendations to local authorities in ensuring environmental security for traditional craft villages in Bac Ninh (Vietnam) for the near future.


Keywords


environmental security; traditional craft villages; Bac Ninh; Vietnam.

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References


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Geoffrey D. Dabelko is a Professor, Associate Dean, and Director of Environmental Research at The George V. Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs at Ohio University in Athens, OH. From 1997 to 2012, he was Director of the Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP), a nonpartisan policy forum on environmental, population and security issues at the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington, DC., a senior advisor to the Wilson Center and ECSP where he helps facilitate dialogues between policy makers, practitioners and academics with complex connections linking the environment, health, population, conflict and security.

Bac Ninh is a province in the Red River Delta (Vietnam). At present, the population of Bac Ninh is about 1,153,600 people, of which 557,190 men make up 48.3% and 575,041 women make up 51.7%. Urban area is 318,516 people, accounting for 27.6% of the province and rural area is 813,715 people, accounting for 72.4%. The average population density is 1,376 people /km2. In 2017, the province's economic growth was high (+19.12%); industrial scale reached over VND 1,080 trillion (current price) and export reached approximately USD 30 billion, creating "new feats"; state budget revenue reached more than VND 22 trillion, maintaining the rank 10/63 provinces and cities of Vietnam; attracting high FDI capital and large development investment capital, which has made Bac Ninh become the bright spot in Vietnam for economic development.


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