Sustainable Community Water Supply System with Special Reference to Nepal

Durga Prasad Dhakal, Khet Raj Dahal, Mukunda Neupane

Abstract


The study aims to find the sustainability of community water supply with reference to Nepal.  The literature survey method was adopted for the study. The study found that water is an essential resource for survival and to secure good health. But people around the world are facing the problems of water scarcity. This scarcity of water forced the people to use unsafe water for the drinking and other domestic purposes. In developing countries including Nepal, 25 % of water supply projects are being defunct within two years of their construction. The major problems are related to socio-technical, management, financial, as well as community level. People's participation from planning to operation and maintenance phase is felt necessary. Similarly, the strong and capable users' committee must be formed for the sustainability of the community water supply projects. Sustainable development can be viewed as maintenance of a positive rate of improvement. Repair and rehabilitation of the systems are required to meet changing demands and conditions. Support for social capital building, active communication by local leaders with community members regarding the planning and operation of water system are important factors for the sustainable development of community water supply system. In addition to social factors, administrative, financial and technical aspects are essential for sustainable rural water supply systems to ensure the effectiveness of system over time and at reasonable cost.


Keywords


Sustainability; Community water supply system, Users' committee; participatory approach; operation & maintenance.

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