Brief Theoretical Overview of the Goat (Capra hircus L. 1758) Indigenous of Ituri in the Democratic Republic of Congo and of Africa

Musalizi Muharabu Roger Lafleur, Lokinda Litalema, Nyongombe Utshudienyema, Londjiringa Dino, Mananu Kapiteni, Mulume Justin, Muliri Lucien, Mukandama Ndolandola, Adjule Alio

Abstract


Local goat farming (Capra hircus L. 1758) is of increasing economic interest in African households. It is an important and easily accessible source of animal protein and income for many poor families. It offers great development opportunities through its meat production, its hardiness and its good adaptation in all the edapho-eco-climatic conditions of Africa. This adaptation and modification that she experienced in this province during migration gave her a pure Iturian origin. The native Ituri goat is native to Ituri.

As in Niger, pastoral society, the goat occupies a privileged place. Its endurance to the climate, its sobriety compared to sheep and cattle, its prolificacy, its aptitude for long walks give it the respect of the Tuareg man who makes him an animal of choice. For the province of Ituri, the goat is considered a savings bank for poor families because it is easily mobilized to solve certain difficulties of the family. She remains and will remain a reporting animal for vulnerable families. During the post-conflict period of 2003, the goat was a source of income and a welding animal for several families in that province; from goat, herds of cattle were restored just after the looting orchestrated by the succession of multiple wars in this country; all the cattle had been looted by the aggressors coming from neighboring countries.             


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