Calculate the Ratios of Some Heavy Metals and the Physical Properties of the Soil Used in the Local Brick Industry

Ibtihaj Ahmed kadhim


The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of the soils used in the manufacture of bricks in terms of the ratios of some heavy elements and their impact on the characteristics of the bricks first and their impact on environmental pollution. This study was based on a field survey of ten sites, with five samples from areas used as quarries for the brick factory, and five samples of brick bricks for the same quarry, ie brick bricks for the same quarry, to find the ratios of the heavy elements of five different elements in the sample of the quarry and compare them with the same elements in brick bricks for the same quarry The soil properties (particle size gradient, organic matter, hydrogen function and electrical conductivity) were studied and their effect on the bricks used in the brick industry was studied. The concentration of the elements was( 110.2) Pb, (8.2) Cd (39) Zn (53.4) Cu (37.8) Ni in the unit per million of the quarry, but the concentration of the coffee blocks was (113.6) Pb, (9.4) Cd 40.2 (Zn) 53.8 (Cu) 39 (Ni) ppm. The concentration of lead, cadmium and copper is high for both quarry and brick blocks. As for zinc and nickel, the concentrations were less than the permissible limit, which leads to the conclusion that pollution is the result of human environmental activities


bricks; soil; soil characteristics; environmental pollution.

Full Text:



. B.J. Alloway, "Heavy Metals in Soils". John wilely and sons, 1990

. Rajab, Mai Thamer and Mutasher, Nebras Saadoun, 2013, Distribution of Block Industry Projects in Diyala Province, Diyala Journal, Issue 58, pp. 736-737.

. Dawaf, Yusuf, a study of the current situation of the technical brick factory in Mahaweel, Ministry of Planning, Central Bureau of Statistics, Baghdad, 1982, pp. 1-11

. Dawaf, Yusuf; Buildings and Building Materials, I6, Offset Time Printing Press, Baghdad, Iraq,1982.

. Al-Mashhadani, Mahmoud,"The Foundations of Statistics and Statistical Methods" ,1975 pp. 236, Baghdad.

. D.R ;Jackson, And A.P; Watson ,"Distribution on nutrient pools and transport of heavy metals in watershed near a lead", Vol (6), No(4) ,(1997), pp (331-332).

. Al-Sultani, Ahmed Rahim, "Air Pollution and Soil of the Nahrawan Region - East Baghdad with Heavy Metals Resulting from the Brick Factories", Master Thesis (unpublished), Faculty of Science, Baghdad University, 2006, pp118.

. Al-Janabi, A.Y. , Al-Saade, N.A., Zaninl Y.M., Al-Bassam., S,and Al-Delaimy M.R., Work Procedures of the S.E OF Geological survey and mining, state establishment of geological survey and mining (geosurv), part (21), No (2002B), (1992), PP59-65.

. K..Banat, "Geochemical study of heavy metals and major ions from the Tigris river between Baghdad and Mosul." Jour. Geol. Soc .Iraq, Special Issue, 1977, pp47-56

Lefta. Ali Jaber," power stations between reality and ambition", Baghdad Newspaper, 2014, Issue 2983.

. Saku, Zuhair and Livoon, Aretin, "Building Construction", Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Baghdad, Iraq, 1983.

Saleh, Adel Mouloud and Al-Khafaji, Qahtan Darwish, Study of variability in the weathering levels of some soils under various climatic conditions of northern Iraq, 2014, Mesopotamia Journal - Volume 42, Issue 3.

R.J., Schaetzl, L.R. Mikesell, and M. A. Babel, Soil characteristics related to weather and pathogenesis across a geomorphic surface of uniform age in Michigan. 2006, Physical Geography 27:170- 188.

. W.L., Lindsay "Chemical equilibrium of soil", John Wiley and sons, New York,1979, pp 449.

C. Molina, "Introduction: Soil Pollution", agriculture &Public health. Bull-Acad-Natal-MED. 1997Jan ;181 (L): (1979), pp. 9-17.

.Al-Ani, Abdel-Fattah Abdullah, "Soil Conservation, Higher Education Press", Higher Education and Research Foundation,1987.

. Aubert, H.;Pinta, M., "Trace Elements in Soil". Developments in Soil Science 7, Wlsevier Scientific publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1977, p. 395.

Al Sayed, Jamal Awais," Chemical Contaminants for the Environment", Dar Al Fajr Publishing and Distribution, Cairo - Egypt, 2007.

. Sabri, Marzina Dawood, "Study of the Emissions of Pollutants from the Brick Factories in the Southern Region", Master Thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Basra University, 1985, pp5.

C., Molina, Introduction: Soil Pollution, agriculture & Public Health. Bull-Acad-Natal-Med.1997: 181 (L): pp9-17.

C. Moon, W. Michael, and A. Evans, Introduction to Mineral Exploration, Blackwell Publisher, London, 2006, pp480.


  • There are currently no refbacks.




About ASRJETS | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

ASRJETS is published by (GSSRR).