Seasonal Effect on Camel Milk Composition (Camelus dromedaries) Under Traditional and Intensive Management Systems in Butana Area-Sudan

M. H. M. Elbashir, Sijoud. F. Elhassan

Abstract


A total of 147 camel milk samples from healthy she-camels (Camelus dromedaries) in different (parity numbers (one to fifth), different breeds and seasons) were randomly collected to investigate the effect of season on some chemical components of camels milk from intensive and traditional management systems in Butana area. Data obtained were analyzed with SPPS version 21 software using analysis of variance and independent-sample- T. Test. Results revealed that season had significant effect (P > 0.05) on camel milk components that were collected from intensive management system. Wherein lactose, free fatty acids (FFA) and  titratable acidity values were markedly affected by season. Furthermore, season had significant affect on camel milk content under traditional management system particularly in fats, proteins, lactose and total solid values. Season interaction effects showed significant differences (P > 0.05) between systems in values of protein acidity during autumn and winter seasons. While, summer season had no affect on camel milk components in both intensive and traditional management system. The study concluded that season had significant effect on some chemical components of camel milk under traditional and intensive management system.


Keywords


Camel; milk; analysis; season; system.

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