Location Allocation and Econometrics of a Solar Chimney with 50 KW Output Power in Terms of Climate Conditions of Southern Iranian Provinces

Abbas Sadri, Roohallah Yazdanpanah, Abbas Korehbandi, Amin Roudhelehpour


The aim of the current research is location allocation and econometrics of solar tower (chimney) for power generating in climate conditions of southern Iranian provinces. Location allocation means determining an appropriate location for constructing a solar chimney with appropriate size including receiving surface (absorber or collector), tower height and turbine diameter for 50 kW output power so that the location is compatible with climate conditions of the selected province. Firstly, the amount of solar energy received on the earth surface in one of the southern provinces of Iran is calculated and then, all available governing equations on tower elements (receiving surface, tower height and turbine diameter) are written and solved in MATLAB. The obtained results are validated by comparing the output of computer solution for 50 kW daily power with the model produced in Manzanares, Spain, where have a similar climate conditions with south of Iran. In addition to validation with experimental data, the computer solution is re-validated with the results obtained from finite element analysis performed by FLUENT software. The obtained results show that: in low power, solar tower is not cos effective without considering economic conditions.

Moreover, solar tower with small turbine diameter needs to large size receiver and high height that should be scientifically investigated. Further, after validation of results, the expected power is analyzed using the relationships between tower elements to achieve a comprehensive plan which has a complete analysis of relationships between the size and location of solar chimney and optimization process of final cost along with the plan econometrics in terms of the available facilities on the selected province.


Southern Iranian provinces; Solar tower (chimney); Solar turbine; Solar Receiver (absorber or collector); Finite element numerical method; MATLAB language; Location allocation and econometrics; FLUENT software.

Full Text:



Sadri, A., Amirkia, H., 2016. Conceptual design and econometrics of solar tower (chimney) in order to prepare the required energy in terms of climate conditions of Bushehr province, Book, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran.

Kord Jamshidi, M., Poorshahid, S., 2011. Feasibility of applying solar chimney power plants in Iran, First National Conference on Wind and Solar Energy, pp.8.

Metrsir, E., 2010. Solar chimney power plant technology in Iran, 13th Student Conference on Electrical Engineering in Iran.

Vafi Mohammadi, M., 2007. Solar Energy, Aria Publication, vol. (1).

A. Asnaghi, S.M. Ladjevardi, Solar chimney power plant performance in Iran, Article in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, June 2012, Renewable Energy Department, Energy and Environment Research Center, Niroo Research Institute, Ministry of Energy, P.O. Box 14665, 517 Tehran, Iran.

Chosh, K., 1995. Measurement of wind velocity created by a solar chimney and hybridization of wind and solar thermal power. International Solar Energy Society Congress 1995, Harare, Zimbabwe, Abstracts of the International Solar Energy Society ISES, pp.464.

Dixon, S.L, Fluid mechanics, Thermodynamics of Turbomachinary, Fourth edition, 1998.

Dos Santos Bernardes, M.A, Weinrebe, G., Thermal and technical analyses of solar chimney, Solar Energy, 1983, Volume 75, PP 511-524.

Duffin, J.A. Bechman, W.A., Solar engineering of thermal processes, 1991 second ed. Wiley Interscience, New York.

Gannon, A.J, Van Backstrom, T.W., Solar chimney cycle analysis whit system loss and solar collector performance. Journal of solar energy engineering, 2000, Volume 122 (3), PP 133-137.

Haaf, W., friedrich K., Mayr, G., Schlaich, J., Solar chimney part I, Principal and construction of the pilot plant in Manzanares, Solar energy, Volume2, PP 3-20.

Haaf, W., Solar chimney, Part I & Part II, preliminary test result from the pilot plant in Manzanares, Solar energy, Volume2, PP 141-161, 1983.

Jones, J.A., Convection heat transfer, second edition, Wiley Interscience, New York, 1995.

Jörg Schlaich, Rudolf Bergermann, Wolfgang Schiel, Gerhard Weinrebe, Design of Commercial Solar Updraft Tower Systems – Utilization of Solar Induced Convective Flows for Power Generation, Schlaich Bergermann und Partner (sbp gmbh), Hohenzollernstr. 1, 70178 Stuttgart, Germany, 2005.

Khoshmanesh, Sh., computer simulation of solar updraft system to describe the velocity variation with the essential parameters of solar updraft systems, proceeding of international conference on energy and environment, Malaysia, Aug 2006.

M.N. Ozisik, “Heat conduction”, Wiley Interscience, New York 1992.

Naim, N.M., Wind energy from solar energy, proceeding of 8th Miami, Conference on alternative energy source, December 16, Florida, USA

Schaich, J., Bergermanm, R., Schiel,W., Weinrebe, G., Design of commercial solar updraft tower system-Utilization of solar induced convective flows for power generation,Journal of, Solar energy engineering,Feb 2005 Volume 127,PP 117-124.

Schaich, J., Schiel, W., Solar chimney third ed. Academic Press London, 2001.

Van Backstrom, T.W., Gannon, A.J., Solar Chimney turbine characteristics, solar energy, 2003, Volume 75, PP 235-241, 2003.

Van Backstrom, T.W., Gannon, A.J., Solar chimney turbine characteristics, solar energy, 2003, Volume 76, PP 235-241, 2003.


  • There are currently no refbacks.




About ASRJETS | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

ASRJETS is published by (GSSRR).