A Note on the Manufacturing of Hegemony and Counter-Discourse: The Case of the Arab Spring
This paper addresses hegemony and resistance as generic phenomena and offers a brief reflection on the processing of the dominant discourse in society and the ways in which it sustains assent in the consciousness of the mass public. The so called “Arab Spring” is taken as a case study to illustrate how the struggle over power is taking place in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). At a broad theoretical level, I seek to scrutinise the functional correlation between the discourse of the established elite and its rival alternative discourses. Why do certain versions of discourse prevailed over a long period of time while others still remain on the periphery? How are hegemonic discourses produced and reproduced? What is the role of the various social institutions, the media in particular, in promulgating specific discourses and dismissing others? Providing answers to these questions entails at least references to two major fields of research; cultural studies and discourse analysis. There is a need to fathom the discursive structure of discourse with reference to language, ideology, and culture in general. Thus one needs to consider the axial role of the mass media outlets, notably the various virtual public spheres in the struggle of dominance and resistance.
Van Dijk, T. A. “What is Political Discourse Analysis?” in Political linguistics, J. Blommaert & C. Bulcaen (Eds.), Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1998a, pp.11-52.
Van Dijk, T. A. Text and context: Explorations in the semantics and pragmatics of discourse. London: Longman, 1977.
Van Dijk, T.A. Discourse and context: A sociocognitive approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Mey, J.L. Pragmatics: an introduction. (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell, 1993, p. 187.
Ricken, U. Linguistics, anthropology and philosophy in the French Enlightenment: Language theory and ideology. R. Norton. trans. London: Routledge, 1994.
Barth, H.. Truth and ideology. F. Lilge. trans. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976.
Eagleton, T. (1991). Ideology: An introduction. London: Verso, 1991.
Van Dijk, T. A. Ideology: A multidisciplinary approach. London: Sage Publications, 1998b.
Williams, R. Marxism and literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977, p.109.
Berger, P., & Luckmann, T. The social construction of reality. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1991.
Holub, R. Antonio Gramsci: Beyond Marxism and postmodernism. London: Routledge, 1992.
Billing, M. (1991). Ideology and opinions: Studies in rhetorical psychology. London: Sage, 1991, p. 8.
Ives, P. Language and hegemony in Gramsci. London: Pluto Press, 2004, p. 2.
Chari, C. (Ed.). (2008). War, peace and hegemony in a globalized world. London:Routledge, 2008, p.94.
Boose, J. A. “Democratization and civil society: Libya, Tunisia and the Arab Spring”. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 2(4), pp. 310-315. 2012.
Mirkin, B. Arab Spring: Demographics in a region in transition. Arab Human Development Report Research Paper Series. United Nations Development Programme, Regional Bureau for Arab States, 2013.
Clement, M. H., & Springborg, R. (2001). Globalization and the politics of development in the Middle East. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001, p.8.
Talani, L.S. (2014). The Arab Spring in the global political economy. UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.
- There are currently no refbacks.