A New Taxonomic Survey of Caulerpa Lamouroux Species (Chlorophyta, Caulerpales) in the Southern Coasts of Iran

Masoumeh Shams, Nahid Ghaed Amini

Abstract


The genus Caulerpa (Chlorophyta), a coenocytic marine macroalgae, consists of about 75 species of tropical to subtropical siphonous green algae. Caulerpa species inhabit the intertidal and shallow subtidal region along the coast of Iraniansouth. The aim of this research was the taxonomic and florestic study of the genus Caulerpa in the southern coast of Iran due to the abundance of this genus, as well as the importance of this genus in terms of food and especially its antioxidant and anti-bacterial properties. In a survey conducted from Febriary 2015 to January 2016, we found seven species as Caulerpa cupressoides (vahl.) C. Agardh, C. peltata (Lamouroux), C. racemose (Forskkal) J. Agardh, C. fastigiataMontagne, C. scalpelliformis (Turner) C. Agardh, C. sertularioides (S.G.Gemelin.) Howe;C. taxifolia (Vahl) C. Agardh. In conclusion, a little study is known about the diversity of this genus along the coast of Iran, and this study can at least partly be attributed to the complex systematics of the genus, which is characterized by considerable morphological plasticity.


Keywords


Caulerpa; Distribution; Iran; Taxonomy.

Full Text:

PDF

References


C. Van Den Hoek, A.M. Breeman and W.T. Stam, The Geographic Distribution of Seaweed Species in Relation To Temperature: Present and Past, in J.J Beukema and J.J.W.M. Brouns (eds) Expected effects of climatic change on marine coastal ecocystem (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers), 1990, pp. 55-67.

P.C. Silva, Overview of the Genus Caulerpa: Herbarium of the University of California, Berkeley (CA) USA. 2002.

R. Dalton, Researchers Criticize Response to Killer Algae. Nature. pp. 406- 447, 2000.

J. Kaiser, California Algae May be Feared European Species. Science. Vol. 289, pp. 222–223, 2000.

A. Meinesz, Introduction for the International Caulerpa taxifolia Conference. IN: International Caulerpa taxifolia Conference Proceedings January 31-February 1, 2002. San Diego, CA, U.S.A. 2002.

O. Dumay, G. Pergeni, C. Pergent-Martini and P. Amade, Variations in Caulerpenyne Contents in Caulerpa taxifolia and C. racemose, Journal of Chemical Ecology. Vol. 28, pp. 343-352, 2002.

C.J. Dawes, Marine Botany, 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. 1998.

C.H. Hay, N.M. Adams, and M.J. Parsons, Marine Algae of the Sub Antarctic Islands of New Zealand, National Museum of New Zealand Misc. 1985.

A. Meinesz, and C.F. Boudoureseque, Sur l’origine de Caulerpa taxifolia en Méditerranée. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Sciences de la Vie, 319, pp. 603–613, 1996.

J.A.H. Benzie, I.R. Price, and E. Ballment, Population Genetics and Taxonomy of Caulerpa (Chlorophyta) from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia, Journal of Phycology. 33, pp. 491–504, 1997.

C.B.B. Matta, É.T. De Souza, A.C. De Queiroz D.P. De Lira, M.V. De Araújo, L.H.A. Cavalcante-Silva, G.E. De Miranda, J.X. De Araújo-Júnior J.M. Barbosa-Filho B.V. De Oliveira Santos M.S. Alexandre-Moreira, Antinociceptive and Anti-Inflammatory Activity from Algae of the Genus Caulerpa, Drugs. 9, pp. 307-318, 2011.

S.L. Endlicher, and C.M. Diesing, Enumeratio Algarum, Quas ad Oram Insulae Karek, Sinus Persici, legit Theodorus Kotschy, Botanische Zeitung. 3, pp. 268- 269, 1845.

F. Børgesen, Marine Algae From the Iranian Gulf. Scientific investigations in Iran (K. Jessen and R. Sparck, Eds.). Einar, Munksgaard, Copenhagen, Denmark. 1, pp. 47-141, 1939.

J. Sohrabipour, and R. Rabii, A List of Marine Algae of Seashores of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea in the Hormozgan Province, Iranian Journal of Botany. 8, pp. 131-162, 1999.

J. Sohrabipour, T. Nejadsattari., M. Asadi, and R. Rabii, The Marine Algae of the Southern Coast of Iran, Persian Gulf, Lengeh area, Iranian Journal of Botanical. 10, pp. 83-93, 2004.

K. Rohani, I. Rajabi, H. Rameshi, S. Behzadi, R. Dehghani, S. Tamadoni, and M.R. Hossaini, Study on Distribution and Biomass Estimation of Seaweeds in Hormozgan Coastal Waters and Some of Persian Gulf Islands, Journal of Iranian Science Fisheries. 15, pp. 59–68, 2007.

B.M. Gharanjik, and A.M. Abkenar, Determination of Seaweeds in Sistan va Baluchestan Coasts, Iranian Journal of Fisheries. 1, pp. 37-48, 2000.

J. White, The Plant as A Metapopulation. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 10, pp. 109-145, 1979.

S. Enomoto, and H. Ohba, Culture Studies on Caulerpa (Chlorophyceae, Caulerpales). I. Reproduction and development of C. racemosa var. laetevirens, Japanese Journal of Phycology. 35, pp. 167-177, 1987.

L. Collado-Vides, and D. Robledo, Morphology and Photosynthesis of Caulerpa (Chlorophyta) in Relation to Their Growth form, Journal of Phycology. 35, pp. 325-330, 1999.

V.J. Paul, and W. Fenical, Chemical Defense in Tropical Green Algae, Order Caulerpales, Marine Ecology Progress Series. 34, pp. 157-169, 1986.

E. Garcia, C. Rodriguez-Prieto, O. Delgado, and E. Ballesteros, Seasonal Light and Temperature Responses of Caulerpa taxifolia from the North Western Mediterranean, Aquatic Botany. 53, pp. 215-225, 1996.

J.G. Agardh, Till Algernes Systematik, I: Caulerpa., II: Zonaria., I l l : Sargassum. Lunds Universitets Arsskrift, 1873.

A. Weber-van Bosse, Monographic des Caulerpes, Annates dujardin Botanique de Buitenzorg. 15, pp. 243-401, 1898.

W.J. Gilbert, An Annotated Checklist of Philippine Marine Chlorophyta, The Philippine Journal of Science. 88, pp. 413-449, 1961.

H.E. Calver, Culture Studies on Some Florida Species of Caulerpa: Morphological Responses to Reduced Illumination, Journal of Phycology. 11, pp. 203-214, 1976.

C.R.C. Sheppard, A.R.G. Price, and C. Robert, Marine ecology of the Arabian region Patterns and processes in extreme tropical environments. London, Academic Press. 1992.

S.A. Azarma, Thermal Structure in Coastal Waters of Central Bushehr (Iran/Persian Gulf), Iranian Journal of Marine Science. 37, pp. 273-278, 2008.

S.M. Musaddad, Temperature and Salinity Variations in the Persian Gulf. International Conference on Life Science and Technology. Singapore. 2011.

P.W. Basson, J.E. Burchard., J.T. Hardy and A.R.G. Prica, Biotopes of the western Arabian Gulf. Dhahran. Aramco. 1977.

C.A. Agardh, Species Algarum. Fucoideae. Berling, Lund, 1820, pp.169–398.

E. Coppejans, and M. Meinesz, Marine Algae of Papua New Guinea (Madang Prov.) Caulerpaceae (Chlorophyta-Caulerpales), Blumea. 33, pp. 181-196, 1988.

M. Nizamuddin, and F. Gessner, The Marine Algae of the Northern Part of the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf. "Meteor" Forschungsergebnisse, Reihe D, Biologie. 1970, pp. 1-42.

W.M.R. Taylor, Species of Caulerpa (Chlorophyceae) Collected on the International Indian Ocean Expedition, Blumea. 15, pp. 45-53, 1967.

W.J. Gilbert, Studies on Philippine Chlorophyceae, II: Survey of Literature and List of Recorded Species Prior to 1940. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 73, pp. 73-79, 1946.

A.Y. Reyes, A Survey of the Littoral Benthic Algae of the Coastal Areas of Dumaguete City, The Philippine Journal of Science. 99, pp. 131-163, 1972.

C.K. Tseng, Common seaweeds of China. Beijing: Science Press, China. 1984.

G.C., Jr. Trono, Annotated Checklist of Some Marine Benthic Algae from Tawi-Tawi, Sulu Archipelago, University of the Philippines Natural and Applied Science Bulletin. 24 , pp. 85-112, 1972.

O. De Clerck, and E. Coppejans, Marine Algae of the Jubail Marine Wildlife Sanctuary, Saudi Arabia. A marine wildlife sanctuary for the Arabian Gulf. Environment research and conservation following the 1991 Gulf War Oil Spill. NCWCD, Riyadh and Senckenberg Research Institute, Frankfurt. 1996, pp. 199- 289.

C. Gavino, and J. Trono, Diversity of the Seaweed Flora of the Philippines and its Utilization, Hydrobiologia. 399, pp. 1-6, 1999.

J.F.C. Montagne, Centurie de Plantes Cellulaires Exotiques Nouvelles. Annates des Sciences Naturelles (Botanique), 8, pp. 345-370, 1837.

W.J. Gilbert, Notes on Caulerpa from Java and the Philippines. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters. 27, pp. 7-26, 1942.

A.Y. Reyes, The Littoral Benthic Algae of Siquijor Province, I: Cyanophyta and Chlorophyta, The PhilippineJournal of Science. 105, pp. 133-191, 1976.

E. Coppejans, F. Leliert, H. Verbruggen, O. De Clerck, T. Schils, T. De Vriese, and D. Marie, The Marine Green and Brown Algae of Rodrigues (Mauritius, Indian Ocean). Journal of Natural History. 38, pp. 2959-3020, 2004.

C.A. Agardh, Species Algarum Rite Cognitae Cum Synonymis, Differentis Specificis et Descriptionibus Succinctis. Lund. 1, pp. 169-521, 1823.

S.M. Keppner, Ntional Management Plan for the Genus Caulerpa.U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Lower Great Lakes Fishery Resources Office. 2005.

G.T. Velasquez, Seaweed Resources of the Philippines. In Proceedings of the First International Seaweed Symposium, Institute of Seaweed Research, Scotland, 100-101, 1953.

E.G. Menez, The Marine Algae of the Hundred Islands, Philippines, The Philippine Journal of Science. 90, pp. 37-86, 1961.

W.R. Taylor, Records of Asian and Western Pacific Marine Algae, Particularly Algae from Indonesia and the Philippines, Pacific Science. 20, pp. 342-359, 1966.

G.C., Jr. Trono, and A. Tuazon, Notes on Some Marine Benthic Algae from Bakawan and Sula Islands, Province of Catanduanes, Philippines. University of the Philippines Natural Science Research Center Technical Report, 1978.

P.A., Jr. Cordero, Phycological Observations, VI: Mangrove-Associated Algae from Aklan, Philippines. Kalikasan, Philippine Journal of Biology. 7, pp. 275-296, 1978.

D.S., Littler, and M.M. Littler, South Pacific Reef Plants (Washington, DC: Offshore Graphics), 2003.

E. Coppejans, and T. Beekman, Caulerpa (Chlorophyta, Caulerpales) from the Kenyan Coast, Nova Hedwigia. 50, pp. 111–125, 1990.

A. Millar, and B. Talbot, The Introduction of Caulerpa taxifolia in New South Wales, Australia. Royal Botanic Garden Sydney-Aus. 2002.

W.M.R. Taylor, Marine Algae of the Eastern Tropical and Subtropical Coasts of the Americans. Univ. Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. 1960.

L. Egerod, Marine Algae of the Andaman Sea of the Thailand: Chlorophyceae, Botanica Marina. 18, pp. 41-66, 1975.

S.L. Williams, and W.C. Dennison, Light Availability and Diurnal Growth of a Green Macroalgae (Caulerpa cupressoides) and a Seagrass (Halophila decipiens), Marine Biology. 106, pp. 437-443, 1990.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments


 
  
 

 

  


About ASRJETS | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

ASRJETS is published by (GSSRR).