Enhancement of Cluster-based Routing Protocol with Parameters Consideration in Wireless Sensor Network
A wireless sensor network (WSN) consists of large number of battery operated sensor nodes which are generally deployed in different environments. These sensor nodes have limited energy to sense, process and transmit information. Therefore, there is a need to design an energy efficient routing protocol to extend the lifetime of a WSN. Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) protocols are considered to optimize the energy consumption. In this paper, a cluster based routing protocol called Enhancement of Cluster-based Routing Protocol with Parameter Consideration (ECRP-PC) is proposed, in which an assistant Cluster Head called Vice Cluster Head (VCH) is introduced in addition to Cluster Head (CH). In a cluster, the node with the highest residual energy among all nodes is selected as the CH, and the node with second highest residual energy is selected by the CH as the VCH when the cluster head distance is longer than the specified distance. VCH will serve as a backup node of the CH. The selected VCH will be in a sleep mode as long as the energy of CH is above a threshold, and it will become active when the energy of CH is below a threshold. According to the results, the proposed ECRP-PC protocol is able to increase the average lifetime of nodes up to 56% compared to the original LEACH.
W. Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan and H. Balakrishnan, “Energy efficient communication protocol for wireless micro sensor networks”, Proceedings of IEEE-HICSS, pp. 1-10, Jan 2000.
W. Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan and H. Balakrishnan “An application-speciﬁc protocol architecture for wireless microsensor networks”, IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communication, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 660-670, Oct 2002.
S. Lindesy and C. S. Raghavendra, "PEGASIS: Power-Efficient Gathering in Sensor Information System," in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference,IEEE, vol. 3, pp. 9-16, 2002.
O. Younis and S. Fahmy, “Heed: A hybrid, energy-eﬃcient, distributed clustering approach for ad hoc sensor networks”, IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, Vol.3, No. 4, pp. 366 – 379, Oct 2004.
S. K. Singh, M. P. Singh, and D. K. Singh, “A survey of Energy-Efficient Hierarchical Clustered Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks”, IJANA, vol. 02, pp. 570–580, 2010.
M. F. K. Abad and M. A. J. Jamali, “Modify LEACH algorithm for wireless sensor network”, IJCSI International Journal of Computer Science Issues, Vol. 8, No.1, pp. 219-224, 2011.
R. M. B. Hani and A. A. Ijjeh, “A survey on LEACH-based energy aware protocols for wireless sensor networks”, Journal of Communications, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2013.
A. Ahlawat and V. Malik, “An extended vice-cluster selection approach to improve V-LEACH protocol in WSN”, Third International Conference on Advanced Computing & Communication Technologies, 2013.
G. R. Sharnappa and S. Kannale “Enhanced LEACH multipath based energy efficient routing for wireless sensor network”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 6, 2015.
- There are currently no refbacks.