Children Mortality in Zimbabwe

Aseel M. Almansour

Abstract


The objective of the study was to contribute to the literature of the topic of malnutrition by investigating on the effect of micronutrient deficiencies on mortality for children under age-five in Zimbabwe 2015 dataset. It was also important to recognize the links between child mortality with micronutrient deficiencies and other related factors such as breastfeeding, mother’s level of education, area of residence, and wealth index. Malnutrition increases morbidity and mortality and affects physical growth and development. Sub-Saharan Arica is among developing countries were children are more than 14 times more likely to die before age five. Zimbabwe is among the regions of Sub-Saharan Africa that has one of the worst malnutrition rates in 15 years, as nearly 33,000 children are in urgent need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition especially for children under age-five1. A secondary analysis of data was conducted using data collected in a Zimbabwe 2015, Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS). The surveys provide updated estimates of basic demographic and health indicators.  We considered factors that have been reported to be associated with children mortality in the literature. Unadjusted odds ratios (OR) and adjusted odds ratios (AOR) together with their 95 confidence intervals (CI) are reported. The overall proportions of children who were not alive were 25.5% of 10223 from the ZDHS dataset. In bivariate and multivariate models, the risk factors for suicidal ideation were feeling mother breastfeeding, vitamin A deficiency, Iodine deficiency, mother’s level of education, area of residence, and wealth index. all the mentioned factors considered risks were significantly associated with children mortality.The rate of children mortality was high among children in Zimbabwe and intervention from national and international agencies is essential to improve the sustainable improvement of nutritional status for children and reduce the number of mortality for children under age-five.


Keywords


malnutrition; Children Mortality; Zimbabwe.

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