Performance Model of Reliable Hybrid Multicast Protocol (RHMP)
The Pragmatic General multicast (PGM) and Elastic Reliable Multicast (ERM) are reliable multicast protocols. The difference between reliable and unreliable multicast protocol is that they make sure that the multicast data packets gets to its destinations. Both the PGM and ERM sends flood messages to the Rendezvous Point source (RPS) from the source node towards the stub nodes which then forward it to leaf nodes, leaf nodes that are not interested sends a prune message while any leaf node that misses a packet sends a message to the RPS through the stub node requesting for the multicast packet. A repair multicast packet is then forwarded to all leaf nodes that requested for it. In the reliable hybrid multicast protocol (RHMP) being proposed the stub nodes originates the flood message to the leaf and uninterested leaf sends prune message, any stub that has one or more interested leaf sends a join message to the RPS. If a leaf node in the multicast distribution misses a multicast packet it requests a repair packet from its stub node and the stub node sends the repair data. A simulation model was developed to mimic the behaviour of PGM, ERM and RHMP in different network size using hierarchical network and the control bandwidth overhead (CBO) for each of the multicast protocols was calculated, the CBO was use as the cost metric. The result shows that the RHMP uses less CBO than PGM and ERM in a sparsely and densely populated network. For state storage it was discovered that the RHMP uses more resources at the stub nodes than at the source / RPS or leaf node when compared with PGM and ERM, but since the stub nodes are present in a distributed way it does not necessarily affect the multicast process.
Sabari A. and Duraiswamy K (2009) “Ant Based Adaptive Multicast Routing Protocol (AAMRP) for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks” (IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security, Vol.6, No. 2
J. William Atwood , Octavian Catrina , John Fenton and W. Timothy Strayer, (1998) “Reliable Multicasting in the Xpress Transport Protocol” https://www.researchgate.net/publication/2395758
Jim Gemmell (1997), “Scalable Reliable Multicast Using Erasure-Correcting Re-sends” Microsoft Research Advanced Technology Division, Microsoft Corporation, One Microsoft Way,Redmond, WA 98052
Rose Ann Cyril(2013), “Performance Evaluation of Multicast Transmission on MPLS Network Using PIM SM”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering Vol. 2, Issue 6,
Fentie S.G and Sreenivasarao V. (2013), “A NEW APPROACH OF MULTICAST ROUTING PROTOCOLS IN MANETS BASED ON CASE-BASED REASONING METHOD” Information Systems, Development Informatics & Business Management Vol. 4 No. 2
Sabari A. and Duraiswamy K (2009) “Ant Based Adaptive Multicast Routing Protocol (AAMRP) for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, (IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security, Vol.6, No. 2, 2009
“INTERNETWORK OPERATION” Faculty of Engineering Computer Engineering Department Islamic University of Gaza (2012)
Brian Adamson, Claudiu Danilov and Joe Macker, (2013) “Elastic Multicast” draft adamson elasticmcast-00, IETF 88 Vancouver
Vamsi K Paruchuri, Arjan Durresi and Raj Jain (2003), “Optimized Flooding Protocol for Ad hoc Networks”, https://arxiv.org/ftp/cs/papers/0311/0311013.pdf
Jayanta Biswas, Mukti Barai and S. K. Nandy (2004), “Efficient hybrid multicast routing protocol for ad-hoc wireless networks”, Proceedings of the 29th Annual IEEE International Conference on Local Computer Networks (LCN’04) 0742-1303/04
L. Ji, and M.S. Corson, “Differential Destination Multicast - A MANET Multicast Routing Protocol for Small Groups”, In Proceedings IEEE/INFOCOM’01, Apr, 2001..
Mohammed R. BAKER, M. Ali AKCAYOL, (2011), “A Survey of Multicast Routing Protocols in Ad-Hoc Networks”, Gazi University Journal of Science GU J Sci 24(3):451-462 (2011) www.gujs.org pp. 2-3
Youssef Saadi, Bouchaib Nassereddine, Soufiane Jounaidi and Abdelkrim Haqiq (2015), “Wireless Mesh Networks Capacity Improvement Using CBF”, International Journal of Wireless & Mobile Networks (IJWMN) Vol. 7, No. 3, Jun 2015 pp.1-2
- There are currently no refbacks.