A Comparative Analysis of Regional Agreements on Port State Control

E. Gul Emecen Kara, Olgay Oksas

Abstract


Regional agreements on Port State Controls (PSC) are established to improve more effective inspection system to reduce the risks arising from maritime transportation. Currently there are nine regional PSC agreements in operations;  Paris MOU (Memorandum of Understanding on Port State Control), Acuerdo de Vina del Mar Agreement, Tokyo MOU, Caribbean MOU, Mediterranean MOU, Indian Ocean MOU, Abuja MOU, Black Sea MOU and Riyadh MOU. In addition to, USA conduct inspections in its waters adding its regulations.  

In this study, it is aimed to analyze all regional MOUs performances. For this, inspections, detention and deficiency rates from 2010 to 2014 as well as type of deficiencies, detentions by ship types, flag states and Recognized Organizations (RO) for the period of 2012-2014 are compared and consequently, the importance of effective inspection system on marine safety is discussed.


Keywords


Maritime transport; port state control; regional MOU; safety.

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References


O.Z. Özçayır. Port State Control. LLP, London, UK, 2001.

IMO, Port State Control, Available on http://www.imo.org (accessed on 1 September 2015).

E.G. Emecen Kara, O. Oksas, “Evaluation of Maritime Safety in Istanbul Strait Using Port State Control Inspections”, International Conferance on Engineering and Natural Sciences (ICENS), Skopje , 2015, pp.87-93.

Paris MOU, Available on https://www.parismou.org/ (accessed on 3 December 2015).

Viña del Mar Agreement, Available on http://www.acuerdolatino.int.ar (accessed on 1 March 2016).

Tokyo MOU, Available on http://www.tokyo-mou.org/ (accessed on 3 December 2015).

Caribbean MOU, Available on http://www.caribbeanmou.org (accessed on 1 March 2016).

Mediterranean MOU, Available on http://www.medmou.org (accessed on 4 December 2015).

Indian Ocean MOU, Available on http://www.iomou.org/ (accessed on 4 December 2015).

Abuja MOU, Available on http://www.abujamou.org (accessed on 4 December 2015).

Black Sea MOU, Available on http://www.bsmou.org/ (accessed on 4 December 2015).

Riyadh MOU, Available on http://www.riyadhmou.org (accessed on 4 December 2015).

US Coast Guard Port State, Available on http://www.uscg.mil/hq/cgcvc/cvc2/psc/ (accessed on 3 December 2015).

ClassNK, PSC Annual Report, Available on https://www.classnk.or.jp/hp/en/info_service/psc/ (accessed on 17 December 2015).


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