A Comparative Analysis of Regional Agreements on Port State Control

E. Gul Emecen Kara, Olgay Oksas


Regional agreements on Port State Controls (PSC) are established to improve more effective inspection system to reduce the risks arising from maritime transportation. Currently there are nine regional PSC agreements in operations;  Paris MOU (Memorandum of Understanding on Port State Control), Acuerdo de Vina del Mar Agreement, Tokyo MOU, Caribbean MOU, Mediterranean MOU, Indian Ocean MOU, Abuja MOU, Black Sea MOU and Riyadh MOU. In addition to, USA conduct inspections in its waters adding its regulations.  

In this study, it is aimed to analyze all regional MOUs performances. For this, inspections, detention and deficiency rates from 2010 to 2014 as well as type of deficiencies, detentions by ship types, flag states and Recognized Organizations (RO) for the period of 2012-2014 are compared and consequently, the importance of effective inspection system on marine safety is discussed.


Maritime transport; port state control; regional MOU; safety.

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