Responsed to Genetic Improvement and Heritability of Egg Production and Egg Quality Traits in Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)
A study was conducted to determine the egg production, egg quality traits, response to genetic improvement of the egg traits and heritability of the traits in the Japanese quail. The birds used were about 470 chicks purchased at day 14 to serve as foundation stock. They were sexed at day 21 and the females were caged in 28 cages each contain 15 quails constructed in dimension of 60cm x 45cm x 45cm (length x breath x weight). Three birds from each caged were randomly picked at day 35, 42, 49 and 56 in each generation base (Gs), first (G1) and second (G2) and the data obtained were subjected to analyses of variance and realized heritability were obtained as appropriate from the following traits: live body changes in female sexual maturity, body weight gain, egg production, egg quality traits, reproductive traits, realized h2 for the egg traits and egg production in the Japanese quail.
The result shows that selection base on high body weight led to the traits to differed significantly (P by generations, age and sex of quails and significantly affects egg production for base, first and second generations. There were more egg production in first generation than base and second generations. The advances in age for a set of generation led to increase in weekly egg production, selection for body weight for the first generation base on average weekly egg production which was lower than the base and second generation and also as the bird’s advances in age there was improvement in egg traits at day 35, 42, 49 and 56. The percentage death in shell, percentage death in egg and percentage infertility responded positively to selection base on high body weight. The realized h2 of egg number and age at sexual maturity in female quail was very low 0.05 in egg number and 0.23 in age at sexual maturity. There was also low realized h2 values observed in egg width, yolk width, albumen length, shell weight and shell thickness and egg production (0.01 - 0.07). Apart from the age at sexual maturity which h2 is moderate and implies that response to selection for high body weight may be rapid while the low realized heritability obtained for egg number and egg quality traits implies that response to selection for the traits could be slow.
[ 1 ] Baumgartner, J. Japanese quail as a laboratory animal (in Solvak) Publishing House of Solvak Academy of Science , Bratislava ,1990, p 1-6
[ 2 ] Siegel, P. B. and Dunnington, E. A. Selection for growth in chickens. C R C. Crit. Rev. Poult. Biol., 1987, p1 - 24.
[ 3 ] Nestor, K. E.; Anderson, J. W. and Patterson, R. A. Effects of selection for increased body weight, egg production, and shank width on developmental stability in turkeys. Poult. Sci., 2000, p 937–945.
[ 4 ] Gueye, E .F.; Ndiaye, P. and Branckaert, R.D.S. Prediction of Body weight on the basis of body measurements in mature indigenous chickens in Senegal. Livestock Research for Rural Development , 1998, p 3 www.lrrd.org/lrrd10/3/sene103.htm.
[ 5 ] Kolstad, N. Scandinavian selection and cross breeding experiment with laying hens. III. Results from the Norwegian part of the experiment. A“Chapter-2, Agriculture” Acta. Agric. Scand, 1980, p 261-287.
[ 6 ] Venkatramaish, A.; Mehaputra, S. C; Sinha, V; Ayyagari, V. and Chouhdhari, D. Selection response for part period egg number and mass in chickens.A comparison. Theor. Appl. Genet., 1986, p 129-134.
[ 7 ] Washburn, K. W. Genetic variation in egg composition. “In Poultry Breeding and Genetics” edited by Crawford, R. D. Elsevier Science Publishers. B.V. Netherlands, 1990, p1.
[ 8 ] Marks, H. L. Growth curve changes associated with long term selection for body weight in Japanese quail. Growth, 1979 , P 129 – 140.
[ 10 ] Akpa, G.N; Kaye, J; Adeyinka, I.A. and Kabir, M. Repeatability of body weight and egg traits in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Savannah Journ. of Agric., 2006, p 118-129.
[ 11 ] Nagarajan, S; Narahari, D; Jayaprasad, I.A. and Thyagarajan, D. Influence of stocking density and layer age on production traits and egg quality in Japanese quail. Br. Poult. Sci., 1991 p 243-248.
[ 12 ] Altan, O; Oguz, I. and Akbas, Y. Effects of selection for high body weight and age of hen on egg characteristics in Japanese quail. Turk–Veterinerlik–ve- Hayvancilik-Dergisi. 1998, p 467-473.
[ 13 ] Nazligul, A., Turkyilmaz, K. and Bardakcioglu, H.E. A study on some production traits and egg quality characteristics of Japanese quail. Archiv fur Geflugelkunde , 2000, p 280-283.
[ 14 ] RI, E.; Sato, K.; Oikawa, T. Effects of dietary protein levels on production and characteristics of Japanese quail eggs. The Journal of Poult. Sci, 2005, p 130-139,
[ 15] Orhan, H., Erensayin, C., Akan, S. (2001)Determining egg quality characteristics of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) at different ages. Hayvansal Üretim, 42 (1) 44-49.
[ 17 ] Nestor, K. E. and Bacon, W. L. Divergent selection for body weight and yolk precursor in Coturnix coturnix japonica. 3.Correlated responses in mortality and reproduction traits and adult body weight. Poult. Sci., 1982., p 2137-2142.
[ 18 ] Narahari, D; Aboul-Mujeer, K.; Thangavel, A.; Ramamurthy, N; Viswanathan, S; Mohan, B; Muruganandan, B. and Sundararasu, V. Traits influencing the hatching performance of Japanese quail eggs. Brit. Poult. Sci., 1988, p 101-112.
[ 19 ] Bunaciu, M; Bunaciu, P. and Cimpeanu, L. The influence of mating design on the reproductive performance in Japanese quail proceedings, 9th European Poultry Conference, Glasgow, UK, 7-12 Aug, 1994. P 314-315 (CAB Abstract).
[ 20 ] Strong, C.F. Jr; Nestor, K. E. and Bacon, W. L. Inheritance of egg production, egg weight, body weight and certain plasma constituents in coturnix. Poult. Sci. J., 1978, p 1-9.
[ 22 ] Minvielle, F. Genetic and breeding of Japanese quail for production around the world. Proceedings 6th Asian Pacific Poultry Congress Nagoya, Japan, 1998, p 1-6.
[ 23 ] Sittmann, K., Abplanalp, H. and Fraser, R. Inbreeding depression in Japanese quail. Genet., 1966, p 371- 379.
[ 24 ] Baumgartner, J. Japanese quail production, breeding and genetics. World’s Poult. Sci. J., 1994, p 227- 235.
[ 26 ] Saatci, M. H. Omed and I. A. Dewi. Genetic parameters from univariate and bivariate analysis of egg and weight traits in Japanse quail. Poult. Sci., 2006, p 185-190.
[ 27 ] Veronica, N., N. Mielenz, R. Preisinger, M. Schmutz, and L. Schüler. Genetic parameters for egg production and egg weight of laying hens housed in single and group cages. Arch. Tierz. Dummerstorf. 2002, p 501-508.
[ 28 ] Wei, M. and Van der Werf, J.H.J. Genetic correlation and heritabilities for purebred and crossbred performance in poultry egg production traits. J. Anim. Sci., 1995, p 2220-2226.
[ 31 ] Mukherjee, T. K. and Friars, G. W. Heritability estimates and selection responses of some growth and reproductive traits in control and early growth selected strains of turkeys. Poult. Sci., 1970, p 1215-1222.
[ 32 ] Cook, R.E., Blow, W.L., Cookerham, C.C. and Glazenier, E.W. Improvement of reproductive traits and body measurements of turkeys. Poult. Sci., 1962, 556-563.
[ 33 ] Ovimaps . Ovi location map; ovi earth imagery, 2012, p 1
[ 34 ] N R C. National Research Council, Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Ed. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. USA, 1994, p 1-2.
[ 36 ] SAS. Statistical Analysis system, user’s guide: statistics 8. 6ed. SAS’s Institute Inc. carry, North Carolina USA, 2004, p 1
[ 37] Duncan, D.B. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 1955, p 11: 1-42.
[ 40 ] Leong, E. and S. Jalaludin. The poultry industries of South East Asia the need for an integrated farming system for small poultry producers. World’s Poult. Sci. J.. 1984, p 213-219.
[ 41 ] Cheng, H. W. Breeding of tomorrows chickens to well being. Poult. Sci., 2010, p 805-813.
[ 42 ] Harms R.H., Costa P.T., Miles R.D. Daily feed intake and performance of laying hens grouped according to their body weight. Poult. Sci., 1982, p 1021–1024.
[ 43 ] .Cerolini S., Mariani P., Cavalchini L.G., Filoni P. Effects of body-weight and feed restriction on the productive efficiency of laying hens. Archiv Fur Geflugelkunde, 1994, p 58, 30–33.
[ 44 ] Kirikci, K., Cetin, O., Gunlu, A., Garip, M. Effect of hen weight on egg production and some egg quality characteristics in pheasants (Phasianus colchicus). Asian- Australasian Journ of Anim. Sci, 2004, p 684– 687.
[ 46 ] Harms, R.H., Russell G.B. Ability of commercial laying hens producing different egg outputs to meet their methionine and energy requirements when fed the same diets. Poult. Sci., 1996, p 519–521.
[ 46 ] Akbas, Y., Takma, C. Canonical correlation analysis for studying the relationship between egg production traits and body weight, egg weight and age at sexual maturity in layers. Czech. Journ. of Anim. Sci., 2005, p 163–168.
[ 47 ] Adeogun, I.O. and Adeoye, A. A. Heritability and phenotypic correlations of growth performance traits in Japanese quails. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 2004, http://www.irrd.org/irrd16/12/adeo16103.htm
[ 48 ] Vasconcelos, T.G; Moura, R. J; Evangelista, S. E; Maciel, C. W; Buxadé, C. C.Incubation of Japanese quail eggs (Coturnix japonica) stored in domestic refrigerator. Livest. Research for Rural Develop., 2008, p 10-20.
- There are currently no refbacks.